Injury risk evaluation in sport climbing

  • Neuhof A
  • Hennig F
  • Schöffl I
 et al. 
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to quantify and rate acute sport climbing
injuries. Acute sport climbing injuries occurring from 2002 to 2006 were
retrospectively assessed with a standardized web based questionnaire. A
total number of 1962 climbers reported 699 injuries, which is equivalent
to 0.2 injuries per 1 000 h of sport participation. Most (74.4%) of the
injuries were of minor severity rated NACA I or NACA II. Injury
distribution between the upper (42.6%) and lower extremities (41.3%)
was similar, with ligament injuries, contusions and fractures being the
most common injury types. Years of climbing experience (pdifficulty level (pand winter (p(pclimbing level (pthrough NACA scores. The risk of acute injuries per 1 000 h of sport
participation in sport climbing was lower than in previous studies on
general rock climbing and higher than in studies on indoor climbing. In
order to perform inter-study comparisons of future studies on climbing
injuries, the use of a systematic and standardized scoring system (UIAA
score) is essential.

Author-supplied keywords

  • injury epidemiology
  • injury risk factors
  • rock climbing
  • sport climbing
  • sports injury
  • sports safety

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