Innovation rate sampling of pulse streams with application to ultrasound imaging

  • Tur R
  • Eldar Y
  • Friedman Z
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Signals comprised of a stream of short pulses appear in many applications including bio-imaging and radar. The recent finite rate of innovation framework, has paved the way to low rate sampling of such pulses by noticing that only a small number of parameters per unit time are needed to fully describe these signals. Unfortunately, for high rates of innovation, existing sampling schemes are numerically unstable. In this paper we propose a general sampling approach which leads to stable recovery even in the presence of many pulses. We begin by deriving a condition on the sampling kernel which allows perfect reconstruction of periodic streams from the minimal number of samples. We then design a compactly supported class of filters, satisfying this condition. The periodic solution is extended to finite and infinite streams, and is shown to be numerically stable even for a large number of pulses. High noise robustness is also demonstrated when the delays are sufficiently separated. Finally, we process ultrasound imaging data using our techniques, and show that substantial rate reduction with respect to traditional ultrasound sampling schemes can be achieved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Analog-to-digital conversion
  • annihilating filters
  • compressed sensing
  • finite rate of innovation
  • perfect reconstruction
  • sub-Nyquist sampling
  • ultrasound imaging

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  • Ronen Tur

  • Yonina C. Eldar

  • Zvi Friedman

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