Insights in the analytical performance of neat metal-organic frameworks in the determination of pollutants of different nature from waters using dispersive miniaturized solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography

  • Rocío-Bautista P
  • Pino V
  • Pasán J
 et al. 
  • 10

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 0

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Five metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), specifically HKUST-1, MOF-5(Zn), MIL-53(Al), UiO-64 and MOF-74(Zn) are synthesized, characterized, and utilized in a miniaturized solid-phase extraction method under dispersive mode (D-µSPE) for the determination of six pollutants of different nature, including one polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, two hormones, two drugs, and one disinfectant, from environmental waters (tap water and wastewater). A discussion of possible interactions justifying the partitioning of target analytes to the MOFs is included, considering not only the analytes’ physicochemical characteristics but also those of MOFs: metal nature, structural environment of MOF pores, pore size and pore aperture widths, among others. MIL-53(Al) is selected for its versatility and high extraction efficiency for the target compounds. The D-µSPE method using MIL-53(Al) is optimized and used in combination with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with diode array detector (DAD) or liquid-chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometric detector (LC-TOF). Under optimum conditions, only 5 mg of MIL-53(Al) are required for 10 mL of water, with the aid of 5 min of vortex and 5 min of centrifugation. Elution is accomplished with 200 µL of acetonitrile (3 times), and evaporation down to 100 µL before LC injection. Detection limits down to 0.040 μg L−1for triclosan and 0.013 μg L−1for atrazine are obtained for the entire method using HPLC-DAD and LC-TOF, respectively. The method, operating at low spiked levels (2 µg L−1for HPLC-DAD and 0.7 µg L−1for LC-TOF), is also characterized for average relative recoveries of 109% and 105%; relative standard deviation values lower than 8.7% and 7.5%; and average extraction efficiencies of 41.2% and 49.1%; using HPLC-DAD and LC-TOF, respectively; while demonstrating adequate analytical performance with complex samples such as wastewaters.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Dispersive miniaturized solid-phase extraction
  • Environmental waters
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Pollutants
  • Sample preparation

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free