Insights on Neanderthal fire use at Kebara Cave (Israel) through high resolution study of prehistoric combustion features: Evidence from\nphytoliths and thin sections

  • Alvard M
  • Alperson-Afil N
  • Goren-Inbar N
 et al. 
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Abstract

The late Neandertal sample from Vindija (Croatia) has been described as transitional between the earlier Central European Neandertals from Krapina (Croatia) and modem humans. However, the morphological differences indicating this transition may rather be the result of different sex and/or age compositions between the samples. This study tests the hypothesis that the metric differences between the Krapina and Vindija supraorbital samples are due to sampling bias. We focus upon the supraorbital region because past studies have posited this region as particularly indicative of the Vindija sample's transitional nature. Furthermore, the supraorbital region varies significantly with both age and sex. We analyzed four chords and two derived indices of supraorbital torus form as defined by Smith & Ranyard (1980, Am. J. phys. Anthrop. 93, pp. 589-610). For each variable, we analyzed relative sample bias of the Krapina and Vindija samples using three sampling methods. In order to test the hypothesis that the Vindija sample contains an over-representation of females and/or young while the Krapina sample is normal or also female/young biased, we determined the probability of drawing a sample of the same size as and with a mean equal to or less than Vindija's from a Krapina-based population. In order to test the hypothesis that the Vindija sample is female/young biased while the Krapina sample is male/old biased, we determined the probability of drawing a sample of the same size as and with a mean equal or less than Vindija's from a generated population whose mean is halfway between Krapina's and Vindija's. Finally, in order to test the hypothesis that the Vindija sample is normal while the Krapina sample contains an over-representation of males and/or old, we determined the probability of drawing a sample of the same size as and with a mean equal to or greater than Krapina's from a Vindija-based population. Unless we assume that the Vindija sample is female/young and the Krapina sample is male/old biased, our results falsify the hypothesis that the metric differences between the Krapina and Vindija samples are due to sample bias. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acheulean
  • Adaptation
  • Africa
  • America
  • Animals
  • Araya
  • Archaeology
  • Ash
  • Baka Pygmy
  • Balkan
  • Banka
  • Behavior
  • Belgian Hesbaye
  • Belgium
  • Blades
  • Cameroon
  • Carmel Mount
  • Cave
  • Charentes-Maritimes
  • Chez-Pinaud
  • Chronology
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive
  • Conservation
  • Croatia
  • Culture
  • Danube
  • Danubian Rumanian plain
  • Debitage
  • Diagenesis
  • Dikika
  • EUP
  • Ecology
  • Economy
  • Enamel
  • Epigravettian
  • Estremadura
  • Ethiopia
  • Eurasia
  • Europe
  • Evolution
  • Fire
  • Flint Artifacts
  • Flute
  • Folsom
  • Food Supply
  • France
  • Fuel
  • Game theory
  • Genetics
  • Gesher Benot Ya'aqov
  • Giurgiu-Malu Rosu
  • Gravettian
  • Gyri
  • Hearths
  • Hominidae
  • Hominids
  • Hominin
  • Human Evolution
  • Humans
  • Hunter-Gatherers
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jonzac
  • Juvenile
  • Kabazi
  • Kebara Cave
  • Kebara cave
  • Knapped Stone
  • Krapina
  • LA-ICP-MS
  • Lapa do Anecrial
  • Levallois
  • Lewis Binford
  • Linear pottery culture
  • Lithics
  • Loire
  • MRI data
  • Macaque
  • Magdalenian
  • Malagasy
  • Mammal
  • Mammals
  • Mayenne
  • Methodology
  • Micoquian
  • Middle Palaeolithic
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Mind
  • Missouri
  • Mobility
  • Modern humans
  • Moravany nad Váhom
  • Morphology
  • Mousterian
  • Nature
  • Neanderthals
  • Neolithic
  • Palaeoethnography
  • Paleoanthropology
  • Paleontology
  • Piešťany
  • Plant
  • Pleistocene
  • Poitou
  • Pompeii
  • Population Dynamics
  • Portugal
  • Pressignian
  • Projectile
  • Qafzeh
  • Radiocarbon dating
  • Refitting
  • Resource
  • Retouchers
  • Rocher-de-la-Caille
  • Romania
  • Saint-Pierre-sur- Erve
  • Skelet
  • Slovakia
  • Solutrean
  • Sources
  • South-Central Europe
  • South-central Europe
  • Spatial analysis
  • Stone tool
  • Sulci
  • Technology
  • Thermoluminescence
  • Thorigné-en-Charnie
  • Touraine
  • Typology
  • Ukraine
  • Upper Palaeolithic
  • Use wear
  • Utilization
  • Vindija
  • Váh
  • Western Europe
  • Western Slovakia
  • Yugoslavia
  • livre de beurre
  • phytoliths

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Authors

  • Michael S. Alvard

  • N. Alperson-Afil

  • N. Goren-Inbar

  • Victor P. Chabai

  • Francisco Almeida

  • Henrique Matias

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