Instruction, Student Engagement, and Reading Skill Growth in Reading First Classrooms

  • Connor C
  • Lara J. J
  • Crowe E
 et al. 
  • 54


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 30


    Citations of this article.


This study explored first-, second-, and third-grade reading instruction and students' (n = 1,586) reading skill, growth in Florida Reading First (RF) classrooms (n = 95). The goal of RF is to improve students' literacy outcomes through the use of research-based instruction, assessment, teacher training, and program evaluation. Whereas survey data have shown that schools are generally implementing the major components of RF, we found no studies that related observed classroom instruction and student reading outcomes, which was the purpose of this study. Students attended schools that were historically high poverty with generally weak student achievement. Standardized assessments of vocabulary and reading comprehension, as well as progress-monitoring oral reading fluency tests, were administered. Classrooms were observed in the spring of the school year for 1 hour during reading instruction. In general, first graders demonstrated expected reading comprehension skills by the end of the school year; however, second and third graders did not. Hierarchical linear models revealed that the effect of instruction on students' reading comprehension was highly complex, varying substantially across grades. Further, the effect of instruction depended on the grade observed as well as students' vocabulary and fall oral leading fluency skills. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Carol McDonald Connor

  • Jakobsons Lara J.

  • Elizabeth C. Crowe

  • Jane Granger Meadows

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free