Interactional effects of marital status and physical abuse on adolescent psychopathology

  • Cohen A
  • Adler N
  • Kaplan S
 et al. 
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the interactional effects of parental marital disruption and physical abuse on risk for adolescent psychopathology in a nonclinical sample with a randomly selected control group. The sample was drawn from 99 community-based adolescents indicated as physically abused by Child Protective Services and 99 randomly selected controls. Nonabused adolescents whose parents were married, abused adolescents whose parents were married, nonabused adolescents with a parental marital disruption, and abused adolescents with a parental marital disruption were compared. Outcome was psychopathology as measured by psychiatric diagnosis based on a best-estimate procedure subsequent to semistructured diagnostic interviewing. Interactional effects of marital disruption and abuse were found for risk for lifetime attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with parental marital disruption and having been physically abused combining to increase the risk 15 times for diagnosis of lifetime ADHD. Parental marital status alone was not a significant risk factor for adolescent psychopathology, but physical abuse was a significant risk factor for several diagnostic categories. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Marital Separation
  • *Marital Status
  • *Parents
  • *Physical Abuse
  • *Psychopathology
  • Adolescent Psychopathology
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
  • Child Abuse
  • Diagnosis
  • Divorce
  • Marriage & Family [2950]
  • Risk Factors
  • parental marital disruption, divorce, physical abu

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Authors

  • Alan J Cohen

  • Naomi Adler

  • Sandra J Kaplan

  • David Pelcovitz

  • Francine S Mandel

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