Interannual and decadal SST-forced responses of the West African monsoon

  • Rodríguez-Fonseca B
  • Janicot S
  • Mohino E
 et al. 
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We review the studies carried out during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA)-EU on the changes of interannual sea surface temperature (SST)?West African monsoon (WAM) covariability at multidecadal timescales, together with the influence of global warming (GW). The results obtained in the AMMA-EU suggest the importance of the background state, modulated by natural and anthropogenic variability, in the appearance of different interannual modes. The lack of reliability of current coupled models in giving a realistic assessment for WAM in the future is also stated. Copyright © 2011 Royal Meteorological Society

Author-supplied keywords

  • African Monsoon
  • Decadal variability
  • Interannual variability
  • SST forced response
  • Sahelian rainfall

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  • Belén Rodríguez-Fonseca

  • Serge Janicot

  • Elsa Mohino

  • Teresa Losada

  • Juergen Bader

  • Cyril Caminade

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