Inter-leadership: Why and how should we think of leadership and followership integrally?

  • Küpers W
  • Weibler J
  • 99


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 28


    Citations of this article.


This article raises questions about and provides meta-paradigmatic perspectives on an integral understanding of leadership. In view of the various shortcomings of conventional leadership discourse, an integral orientation considers that leadership research demands a comprehensive framework and multi-level approach suited for investigating the complex, interrelated processes involved. Correspondingly, the outlined integral framework of leadership covers the interdependent subjective, intersubjective and objective dimensions of leaders and leadership. Furthermore, developmental levels and lines — classified in a dynamic cycle — open up a processual understanding of leadership. Finally, theoretical and methodological implications are discussed and some avenues for future research and perspectives of integral leadership presented.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Integral leadership
  • Leadership discourse
  • Leadership theory
  • Meta-paradigm
  • Multi-level model

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Wendelin Küpers

  • Jürgen Weibler

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free