Internal stress and cracking in stone and masonry

  • Scherer G
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Abstract

Internal stresses arise during weathering of stone and masonry as a result of crystallization of salts and ice, swelling of clay inclusions, and thermal expansion, among other causes. In this paper, we review the origin of the stresses and examine the unresolved questions regarding several of these mechanisms.

Author-supplied keywords

  • CRYSTALLIZATION
  • FROST DAMAGE
  • PORES
  • PRESSURE
  • WATER
  • clay
  • crystallization pressure
  • force of crystallisation
  • fracture
  • frost
  • ice
  • salt
  • salt weathering
  • stress
  • swelling pressure

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Authors

  • G. W. Scherer

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