An international study of the psychometric properties of the Hofstede values survey module 1994: A comparison of individual and country/province level results

  • Spector P
  • Cooper C
  • Sparks K
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Abstract

Hofstede's Values Survey Module has been the basis for much cross-cultural and cross-national research in the workplace, but little information about its psychometric properties has been available. This study provides internal consistency (coefficient alpha) statistics from samples representing 23 nations/provinces. Across both English and translated versions, internal consistencies tended to be poor, and in the majority of cases failed to achieve even a liberal criterion of 0.60. Even when data were aggregated by sample coefficient alphas were poor for all but long-term orientation. At the participant level, long-term orientation and individualism had marginal internal consistencies, whereas power distance, masculinity, and uncertainty avoidance subscales had inadequate internal consistencies. A replication of Hofstede's ecological factor analysis failed to support the five subscales. It is suggested that the construct validity of these scales is suspect, and that they should be used with caution. French Le Module d'Enquête sur les Valeurs d'Hofstede a` e´te´ a` la base de nombreuses recherches inter-culturelles et multi-nationales sur le lieu de travail alors que peu d'informations sur ses qualite´s psychome´triques e´taient disponibles. Cette e´tude fournit des statistiques cohe´rentes (coefficient alpha) a` partir d'e´chantillons repre´sentant 23 nations ou re´gions. Dans les versions anglaises et dans les traductions, la cohe´rence interne est plutôt me´diocre n'arrivant pas a` atteindre le coefficient de 0.60, en cotant large. Même quand les donne´es e´taient regroupe´es en agre´gats par e´chantillon, les coefficients alpha e´taient me´diocres sauf en ce qui concerne l'orientation vers le long terme. Au niveau du participant, les orientations vers le long terme et l'individualisme avaient une cohe´rence interne marginale tandis que des sous e´chelles sur la distance hie´rarchique, la masculinite´ et le contrôle de l'incertitude en pre´sentaient de plus fortes.

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Authors

  • Paul E. Spector

  • Cary L. Cooper

  • Kate Sparks

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