Internet addiction and self-evaluated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder traits among Japanese college students

  • Tateno M
  • Teo A
  • Shirasaka T
 et al. 
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Abstract

Aim: Internet addiction (IA), also referred to as Internet use disorder, is a serious problem all over the world, especially in Asian countries. Severe IA in students may be linked to academic failure, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and forms of social withdrawal, such as hikikomori. In this study, we performed a survey to investigate the rela-tion between IA and ADHD symptoms among col-lege students. Methods: Severity of IA and ADHD traits was assessed by self-report scales. Subjects were 403 col-lege students (response rate 78%) who completed a questionnaire including Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale–V1.1. Results: Out of 403 subjects, 165 were male. The mean age was 18.4 AE 1.2 years, and mean total IAT score was 45.2 AE 12.6. One hundred forty-eight respondents (36.7%) were average Internet users (IAT < 40), 240 (59.6%) had possible addiction (IAT 40–69), and 15 (3.7%) had severe addiction (IAT ≥ 70). Mean length of Internet use was 4.1 AE 2.8 h/day on weekdays and 5.9 AE 3.7 h/day on the weekend. Females used the Internet mainly for social networking services while males preferred online games. Students with a positive ADHD screen scored significantly higher on the IAT than those negative for ADHD screen (50.2 AE 12.9 vs 43.3 AE 12.0).

Author-supplied keywords

  • Internet addiction
  • Internet use disorder
  • attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • hikikomori
  • neurodevelopmental disorders

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