Introduction to the Bethe Ansatz III

  • Karbach M
  • Hu K
  • Muller G
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Having introduced the magnon in part I and the spinon in part II as the relevant quasi-particles for the interpretation of the spectrum of low-lying excitations in the one-dimensional (1D) s=1/2 Heisenberg ferromagnet and antiferromagnet, respectively, we now study the low-lying excitations of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a magnetic field and interpret these collective states as composites of quasi-particles from a different species. We employ the Bethe ansatz to calculate matrix elements and show how the results of such a calculation can be used to predict lineshapes for neutron scattering experiments on quasi-1D antiferromagnetic compounds. The paper is designed as a tutorial for beginning graduate students. It includes 11 problems for further study.

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  • Michael Karbach

  • Kun Hu

  • Gerhard Muller

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