An investigation into the factors affecting the use of language learning strategies by Persian EFL learners

  • Tam K
  • Faryadres F
  • Gholamali M
 et al. 
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Abstract

In our experience as language teachers, speaking has always been the most challenging skill for most of our freshman students, at the Foreign Language Bachelor Degree at the Facultad de Ciencias Educativas in the Universidad Autónoma del Carmen. Despite the fact that various oral activities including strategies are implemented in the classroom, it is difficult to monitor each student's progress. For that reason it was decided to invite some students to develop extracurricular sessions. During these sessions, they could practice the use of speaking strategies: Fillers, circumlocution, asking for clarification and expressing not understanding. Our main objective was to train the students on these basic speaking strategies so that they could use them regularly. The methodology to develop the sessions consisted in three stages: 1) a pre-task to know the participants' previous knowledge of speaking strategies, 2) the training sessions, which were taught through formal instruction and practice in oral tasks and, 3) a post task to show if the frequency of strategy use increased after instruction. In order to analyze the progress of the participants, a questionnaire to collect previous knowledge about the students' oral strategies, and a check list to analyze the video recorded sessions were used. The results from the post task showed there was an increase in the use of the strategies. Satisfactorily, the students showed more confidence when communicating or expressing themselves orally.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Language Arts Education
  • *Language Development
  • *Literacy
  • *Students
  • *Teaching Methods
  • 0279.
  • 0291.
  • 1
  • 1 listening
  • 10
  • 2
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  • 4
  • 53
  • Communication Strategies
  • Education
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  • English as a foreign language
  • Gender
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  • Language and Literature.
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  • MODEL DEVELOPMENT
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  • SPEAKING
  • SPEAKING ST
  • STRATEGY
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  • além de muitos outros
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  • communicative competence
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  • dificuldades de aprendizagem
  • em nossas escolas e
  • english as a foreign
  • este artigo tem
  • factors
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  • initial hypothesis and background
  • interaction-based methodology
  • introduction
  • language
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  • language proficiency
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  • o fracasso escolar é
  • oral communication
  • participation
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  • que tem estado presente
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  • second language acquisition
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Authors

  • Kevin Chi-Him Tam

  • Fereshteh Faryadres

  • Masoud Gholamali

  • Azita Mokhtari

  • Fayzeh Shrouf

  • By Connie Williams

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