Laparoscopic adrenalectomy and adrenal biopsy are technically feasible in children. There are no absolute contraindications to the laparoscopic approach, but for neuroblastomas and other adrenal neoplasms, care must be taken to maintain the principles of cancer surgery. As opposed to adults, there are fewer benign indications for adrenalectomy, but in selected cases, laparoscopic resection of the adrenal is feasible. Both laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic approaches are recommended, with the choice being dictated by the experience of the surgeon. Recommendations throughout this guideline are based on class 3 evidence, with a single article demonstrating class 2 evidence, based on a retrospective comparison.
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