Isaiah in Luke

  • Sanders J
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The article gives an overview of Isaiah in the New Testament, the most frequently cited Old Testament book in the NT, then focuses on the function of Isaianic passages, ideas and phrases in Luke-Acts with special attention given to Lk 1, 14, 16, and 24 and Acts 28. The piece closes with a detailed study of Lk 4:14-30, the Sermon at Nazareth with its citation of Isa 61:1-2 and 58:6. The method is redaction-critical and canonical-critical: that is, it focuses on how Isaiah functioned for Luke, the hermeneutics Luke used when he called on Isaiah to help make a point. Luke's hermeneutic axiom was theocentric: he, as a theological historian, reported what he understood God was doing in Christ and in the early church and he did so by ringing in the changes on what scripture, for him the Septuagint, said God had been doing since creation, especially in Israelite history. Isaiah was pivotally important to him in doing so. Luke's use of scripture was midrashic and not proof-texting: that is, he turned to scripture, and especially Isaiah, to cast light on what God was doing in the first century in Christ and in the early church.

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  • J. A. Sanders

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