A novel bacterium, strain BMP-1(T), was isolated from a continuous wastewater treatment culture system operating with a bacterial consortium. Cells of the isolate were Gram-variable, aerobic, moderately halotolerant, motile and endospore-forming rods. Strain BMP-1(T) grew chemolithoautotrophically by oxidation of thiosulfate to sulfate with a growth yield of 1.07 g protein mol(-1) of thiosulfate consumed. DNA G+C content was 43.8 mol%. Its cell wall had peptidoglycan based on m-diaminopimelic acid, and the major component of fatty acid was C(15 : 0). The 16S rRNA gene analysis showed that strain belongs to the genus Bacillus, sharing a 99.5% of sequence similarity with Bacillus jeotgali CCM 7133(T). DNA-DNA hybridization between the isolate of this study and this strain was 44%. Thus, the inclusion of strain BMP-1(T) in the genus Bacillus is suggested as a novel species and the name Bacillus thioparus sp. nov. (Type strain BMP-1(T)=BM-B-436(T)=CECT 7196(T)) is proposed. The sequence of the 16S rRNA gene has been deposited in GenBank with accession number DQ371431.
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