Iterative oblique projection onto convex sets and the split feasibility problem

  • Byrne C
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Abstract Let C and Q be nonempty closed convex sets in RN and RM, respectively, and A an M by N real matrix. The split feasibility problem (SFP) is to find x ∈ C with Ax ∈ Q,if such x exist. An iterative method for solving the SFP, called the CQ algorithm, has the following iterative step: where γ ∈ (0, 2/L) with L the largest eigenvalue of the matrix AT A and PC and PQ denote the orthogonal projections onto C and Q, respectively; that is, xk+1 = PC(xk + γ AT (PQ − I )Axk), PC x minimizes c − x,over all c ∈ C.The CQ algorithm converges to a solution of the SFP, or, more generally, to a minimizer of PQ Ac − Ac over c in C, whenever such exist. TheCQ algorithminvolves only the orthogonal projections onto C and Q, which we shall assume are easily calculated, and involves no matrix inverses. If A is normalized so that each row has length one, then L does not exceed the maximum number of nonzero entries in any column of A, which provides a helpful estimate of L for sparse matrices. Particular cases of the CQ algorithm are the Landweber and projected Landweber methods for obtaining exact or approximate solutions of the linear equations Ax = b;the algebraic reconstruction technique of Gordon, Bender andHerman is a particular case of a block-iterativeversion of theCQalgorithm. One application of the CQ algorithm that is the subject of ongoing work is dynamic emission tomographic image reconstruction, in which the vector x is the concatenation of several images corresponding to successive discrete times. Thematrix A and the set Q can then be selected to impose constraints on the behaviour over time of the intensities at fixed voxels, as well as to require consistency (or near consistency) with measured data.

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  • Charles Byrne

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