Job control and job strain: a test of three models.

  • Elsass P
  • Veiga J
  • 14


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 32


    Citations of this article.


The relationship between job control and job strain is examined. Three models of that relationship provide a framework for the study hypotheses: (H1) Control is inversely related to job strain, (H2) job demands interact with job control such that job strain will be highest when job demands are high and job control is low, and (H3) strain increases as the discrepancy between actual and desired levels of job control increases. Study participants (N = 316) were health care workers in 2 hospitals in the northeastern United States. Objective measures of job control and job demands were obtained through supervisor evaluations of incumbents' job characteristics, and perceptual measures were obtained through incumbents' self-reports. Results provide support for Hypotheses 1 and 3; little support was found for an interaction between job control and job demands.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • P. M. Elsass

  • J. F. Veiga

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free