Just Relations and Company-Community Conflict in Mining

  • Kemp D
  • Owen J
  • Gotzmann N
 et al. 
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Abstract

This research engages with the problem of company-community conflict in
mining. The inequitable distributions of risks, impacts, and benefits
are key drivers of resource conflicts and are likely to remain at the
forefront of mining-related research and advocacy. Procedural and
interactional forms of justice therefore lie at the very heart of some
of the real and ongoing challenges in mining, including: intractable
local-level conflict; emerging global norms and performance standards;
and ever-increasing expectations for the industry to translate
high-level corporate social responsibility policy into on-the-ground
practice. This research focuses on the ``process{''} aspects of resource
conflicts through an examination of existing grievance-handling
procedures at six mining operations where company-community conflict was
present. In their current form, and on their own, the six mechanisms
were found to be insufficient in their capacity to advance justice. The
authors argue that if the overall objective of global norms is that
companies construct and perform grievance handling in ways that strongly
preference just practices, then ``mechanisms-in-practice{''} must be
better understood and constructively critiqued along all justice
dimensions.

Author-supplied keywords

  • CSR
  • community
  • conflict
  • grievance
  • justice
  • minerals
  • mining
  • organization
  • stakeholder

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Authors

  • Deanna Kemp

  • John R. Owen

  • Nora Gotzmann

  • Carol J. Bond

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