On the Kebara KMH 2 Hyoid and Neanderthal Speech

  • Lieberman P
  • 32


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


Bar-Yosef et al.'s assertion that the KMH 2 hyoid bone demonstrates that Neanderthal hominids were capable of producing human speech (CA 33:530) evidence and interpretations. chaeology 6:263-96. THROPOLOGY 3 I:58-59. DIBBLE, and modem human origins, CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY 3 I:24I-43. . I990. On the emergence H., AND P. G. CHASE. VAN LAWICK-GOODALL, Boston: Houghton LINDLY, MC COWN, T. I937. "Mugharet Cambridge: man origins. TELEKI, Mifflin. . I986. The chimpanzees . I987. Middle Paleolithic symbolism: Journal of modern of Anthropological A review of current Ar- humans. CURRENT AN- I990. Comment on: Symbolism by J. M. Lindly and G. A. Clark. J., AND G. CLARK. I990. Symbolism CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY 3I:233-6i. Belknap Press of Harvard vations," in The Stone Age of Mount Carmel, by D. Garrod and D. Bate, pp. 9I-I07. Oxford: es-Skhuil: tologica 20:8I-94. VANDERMEERSCH, a chimpanzee GEZA. I973. Group response to the accidental death of in Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Folia Prima- Clarendon traces d'utilisation verte dans la grotte tin de la Societe Prehistorique Fran9aise 66: I 5 7-5 8. . I970. Une sepulture dans le Moust6rien mousterienne des Sciences, Paris 270:298-99. Description Press. B. I969. Decouverte d'un objet en ocre avec de Qafzeh (Israel). Bulle- de Qafzeh. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie avec offrandes decou- JANE. I97I. In the shadow of man. of Gombe: Patterns University and modem hu- and exca- of behavior. Press. iS, in fact, not supported by the data of the studies cited (e.g., Arens- burg et al. I989, 1990) or Smith's commentary (CA 33:540-4I). tioned very low in the neck, with no epiglottis-soft- palate contact. Independent Normal adult humans have a larynx posi- X-ray studies (e.g., Carmody I937, Perkell I969, Nearey I97I) show that approxi- mately half of the tongue is positioned at rest within the oral cavity, half in the pharynx. In the production of English vowels the tongue moves as an almost unde- formed body positioned by its extrinsic muscles (Neary I971). Some additional maneuvers that change the tongue shape occur in the production of certain conso- nants and the vowels of other languages, but many of the phonetic distinctions of human speech derive from tongue maneuvers that change the cross-sectional area of the supralaryngeal airway, i.e., the supralaryngeal vo- cal tract. These changing shapes generate formant fre- quency patterns that specify different speech sounds (Fant I960, Lieberman et al. n.d.). The larynx itself is irrelevant to this aspect of speech production; its low position in the neck is a key aspect of the morphology of the human supralaryngeal vocal tract.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Philip Lieberman

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free