Knowledge management in a project-oriented organization: Three perspectives

  • Skovvang Christensen K
  • Kaasgaard Bang H
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Abstract

Knowledge management is seen as a metaphorical perspective on management where the managerial focus depends on the epistemological standpoint taken. An identification of three epistemological perspectives accommodates the main body of literature on knowledge management: an artifact oriented epistemology that focuses on explicit knowledge, a process oriented epistemology focusing on both tacit and explicit knowledge and the interaction of these types of knowledge and an autopoietic epistemology where knowledge basically always has a tacit dimension. Based on a study of knowledge management in the Danish company Crisplant, the paper shows how the three epistemologies bring different aspects of managerial practice forward. By comparing the characteristics of knowledge, the nature of knowledge management activities, how knowledge is created and shared it is concluded that awareness of the implications of epistemological perspectives could enhance managerial analysis and conduct with respect to the management of knowledge as well as enrich research in the area. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

Author-supplied keywords

  • Creativity
  • Knowledge management
  • Organizational learning
  • Strategy

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Authors

  • Karina Skovvang Christensen

  • Heine Kaasgaard Bang

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