This paper presents preliminary work on musical in- struments ontology design, and investigates heterogene- ity and limitations in existing instrument classification schemes. Numerous research to date aims at represent- ing information about musical instruments. The works we examined are based on the well known Hornbostel and Sach’s classification scheme. We developed repre- sentations using the Ontology Web Language (OWL), and compared terminological and conceptual heterogene- ity using SPARQL queries. We found evidence to sup- port that traditional designs based on taxonomy trees lead to ill-defined knowledge representation, especially in the context of an ontology for the Semantic Web. In order to overcome this issue, it is desirable to have an instrument ontology that exhibits a semantically rich structure. 1.
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