Ventral hernia repair is still a difficult problem for surgeons because of the high recurrence rate and possible postoperative complications. Repairs with a prosthesis have reduced the recurrence rate, but the anterior approach still involves high morbidity and a long hospital stay. The purpose of this article was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic surgery on ventral hernias using a new double-layer mesh in an intra-abdominal position. A retrospective analysis was performed of the first 20 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for ventral hernia (75% incisional and 25% umbilical) with intra-abdominal prosthetic repair using a double-layer mesh consisting of three-dimensional multifiber polyester on one side and a hydrophilic resorbable nonstick collagen membrane on the other (Parietex composite, Sofradim, Villefranche sur Saone, France). The procedure was done on an outpatient basis in 85% of the cases. There was no morbidity or mortality. During a mean follow-up period of 10 months we found no infections, rejections, fistulas, recurrences, or alterations in bowel function. Laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias is an efficient alternative to open repair, with a low morbidity rate and short hospital stay. The double-layer mesh is safe for intra-abdominal use.
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