Analytical techniques able to perform spatially resolved analysis are
highly demanded in the surface analysis and material science fields.
Compared to other analytical techniques usually employed, laser-induced
breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) offers several advantages, such as
simplicity and robustness of instrumentation, which permit on-line and
in situ measurements. No or minimal sample preparation is required, and
the analysis of any sample without restrictions on the shape, size, or
conductive nature can be performed under atmospheric conditions in a
matter of seconds. In this work, a review of the different instrumental
approaches employed in the generation of compositional maps as well as a
detailed discussion of the different applications that involve the use
of LIBS to obtain two-dimensional or even three-dimensional chemical
maps is presented.
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