Journal article

The Late Archaic Period in Southern New England

Dincauze D ...see all

Arctic Anthropology (1975) pp. 23-34

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Recent discoveries and current interpreta— tions bearing on the Late Archaic period (5000 to 3000 B.P.) are reviewed and discussed. Several distinct models for the culture history of the period are summarized; comparisons indicate problems with each. The evidence for the "Laurentian" tradition in southern New England is reconsidered; complexes so identi— fied are atypical in terms of the usual defi— nitions of Laurentian. It is recommended that use of the term "Laurentian" in reference to southern New England complexes be discon— tinued, and that interpretations associated with it be revised. Burial ceremonialism of the Late Archaic traditions is considered; recent finds are summarized and new inter- pretations presented. None of the ceremonial burial features in southern New England have definite "Laurentian" affiliations. Com— parisons are drawn within southern New England and, to the north, in Maine. Con— sideration is given to the social functions of the burial ceremonialism. The complexity of the social environments hypothesized for this period may partially explain t.e florescence of the cults. Knowledge

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  • D F Dincauze

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