Latino adolescents' mental health: Exploring the interrelations among discrimination, ethnic identity, cultural orientation, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms.

  • Umaña-Taylor A
  • Updegraff K
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Abstract

Guided by a risk and resilience framework, the current study used cross-sectional data to examine the degree to which Latino adolescents' (N = 274; M age = 16.3; 47.1% female) self-esteem, ethnic identity, and cultural orientations mediated or moderated the relation between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms. Utilizing a multiple group comparison approach, path analyses indicated that higher levels of ethnic identity exploration and resolution significantly predicted higher levels of self-esteem for both boys and girls. Furthermore, self-esteem partially mediated the relation between perceived discrimination and adolescents' depressive symptoms. Additional analyses revealed that boys' cultural orientations moderated the relation between perceived discrimination and both self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Taken together, findings indicated that various aspects of the self (i.e. self-esteem, ethnic identity, cultural orientations) can protect and/or enhance the risks associated with discrimination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bidimensional Acculturation Scale for Hispanics
  • Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
  • Culture (Anthropological)
  • Depression (Emotion)
  • Ethnic Identity
  • Ethnic Identity Scale
  • Female
  • Hispanics
  • Human
  • Latino adolescents mental health
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale
  • Self Esteem
  • Symptoms
  • US
  • cultural orientation
  • depressive symptoms

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Authors

  • Adriana J Umaña-Taylor

  • Kimberly A Updegraff

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