Learning from experience: a systematic review of assessments of vulnerability to drought

  • González Tánago I
  • Urquijo J
  • Blauhut V
 et al. 
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Abstract

In the last decades, there have been an increasing number of
vulnerability studies undertaken in the frameworks of several schools of
thought and disciplines. This spur of activity is linked to the growing
awareness about the importance of shifting from a crisis-reactive
approach to a proactive and preventive risk management approach to deal
with natural disasters. The severity of the impacts that drought
provokes worldwide has also contributed to raise awareness about the
need to improve its management. In this context, drought vulnerability
assessments are the first step in the identification of underlying
causes that generate drought impacts. This paper presents a systematic
review of past assessments of vulnerability to drought, to enhance the
understanding of vulnerability and help orientating future research in
this field. Results suggest that there are important geographical and
thematic gaps to be filled in the assessment of drought vulnerability.
Transparency in the design and validation of results should be improved,
while the availability of relevant, reliable, and updated data is still
a major constraint at all levels.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Assessment
  • Drought
  • Review
  • Systematic
  • Vulnerability

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Authors

  • Itziar González Tánago

  • Julia Urquijo

  • Veit Blauhut

  • Fermín Villarroya

  • Lucia De Stefano

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