A Lengthy Look at the Daily Grind: Time Series Analysis of Events, Mood, Stress, and Satisfaction

  • Fuller J
  • Fisher G
  • Stanton J
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present study investigated processes by which job stress and satisfaction unfold over time by examining the relations between daily stressful events, mood, and these variables. Using a Web-based daily survey of stressor events, perceived strain, mood, and job satisfaction completed by 14 university workers, 1,060 occasions of data were collected. Transfer function analysis, a multivariate version of time series analysis, was used to examine the data for relationships among the measured variables after factoring out the contaminating influences of serial dependency. Results revealed a contrast effect in which a stressful event associated positively with higher strain on the same day and associated negatively with strain on the following day. Perceived strain increased over the course of a semester for a majority of participants, suggesting that effects of stress build over time. Finally, the data were consistent with the notion that job satisfaction is a distal outcome that is mediated by perceived strain. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

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Authors

  • Julie A. Fuller

  • Gwenith G. Fisher

  • Jeffrey M. Stanton

  • Christiane Spitzmüller

  • Steven S. Russell

  • Patricia C. Smith

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