Long-term (1930-2010) trends in groundwater levels in Texas: Influences of soils, landcover and water use

  • Chaudhuri S
  • Ale S
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Abstract

Rapid groundwater depletion has raised grave concerns about sustainable development in many parts of Texas, as well as in other parts of the world. Previous hydrologic investigations on groundwater levels in Texas were conducted mostly on aquifer-specific basis, and hence lacked state-wide panoramic view. The aim of this study was to present a qualitative overview of long-term (1930-2010) trends in groundwater levels in Texas and identify spatial patterns by applying different statistical (boxplots, correlation-regression, hierarchical cluster analysis) and geospatial techniques (Moran's I, Local Indicators of Spatial Association) on 136,930 groundwater level observations from Texas Water Development Board's database. State-wide decadal median water-levels declined from about 14. m from land surface in the 1930s to about 36. m in the 2000s. Number of counties with deeper median water-levels (water-level depth. >. 100. m) increased from 2 to 13 between 1930s and 2000s, accompanied by a decrease in number of counties having shallower median water-levels (water-level depth.

Author-supplied keywords

  • GIS
  • Hierarchical cluster analysis
  • Irrigation
  • Moran's I
  • Municipal
  • Soil hydrologic group

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