Long-term effect of acid and heat pretreatment of sludge from a sugarcane vinasse treatment plant on the microbial community and on thermophilic biohydrogen production

  • Do Carmo Lamaison F
  • De Andrade P
  • Bigaton A
 et al. 
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This work investigated how heat and acid pretreatment affected thermophilic biohydrogen production by a mixed culture present in the sludge of a sugarcane vinasse treatment plant. Heat- (80 °C for 15 min) or acid- (pH 3 for 24 h) treated sludge samples were employed to seed batch bioreactors along 36 days. The heat- and acid-treated sludge samples afforded H2production rates (HPRs) of 8.4 and 9.5 mmol/L.d, respectively. The lactic acid concentration increased in the bioreactor seeded with heat-treated sludge, whilst the lactic acid concentration diminished in the bioreactor inoculated with the acid-treated sludge. Identification of the microbial community revealed that Clostridiaceae predominated in all the sludge samples. The most abundant Clostridiaceae in the heat- and acid-treated sludge samples were Clostridium and Thermoanaerobacterium, respectively. Acid pretreatment modified the microbial community and enhanced consumption of lactic acid, a metabolite that is normally associated with decreased H2production.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Clostridium
  • Lactic acid
  • Thermoanaerobacterium
  • Vinasse sludge pretreatment

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  • Franciele Do Carmo Lamaison

  • Pedro Avelino Maia De Andrade

  • Ademir Durrer Bigaton

  • Fernando Dini Andreote

  • Regina Vasconcellos Antônio

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