The long-term impact of childhood sexual abuse in Australian women

  • Runtz M
  • Roche D
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Abstract

Examined the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and a range of adverse adult outcomes in 720 females (aged 17-79 yrs) using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) which accounted for a number of potential confounding effects. Retrospective study of cross-sectional data on the long-term impact of CSA, collected as part of a larger 2-stage case-control study of the possible relationship between CSA and alcohol abuse. Data were appropriately weighted to adjust for the different selection probabilities of cases and controls. Results indicate significant associations between reporting CSA and experiencing domestic violence, rape, sexual problems, mental health problems, low self-esteem, and problems with intimate relationships. Participants who had experienced abuse involving intercourse were the most vulnerable to these negative outcomes. The findings indicate that the influence of CSA on adverse long-term effects was mediated and influenced both by the severity of the abuse experiences and by a range of family and social background factors. (French and Spanish abstracts) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2002 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Adult Offspring
  • *Human Females
  • *Prognosis
  • *Sexual Abuse
  • Adolescence
  • Adulthood
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Abuse
  • Analysis
  • Child Abuse
  • Childhood
  • Family
  • Female
  • Health
  • Human
  • Middle Age
  • Rape
  • Self Esteem
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Thirties
  • Violence
  • Young Adulthood

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Authors

  • Marsha G Runtz

  • Diane N Roche

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