The long-term impact of childhood sexual abuse in Australian women

  • Fleming J
  • Mullen P
  • Sibthorpe B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and a range of adverse adult outcomes in a community sample of women using multivariate analysis which accounted for a number of potential confounding effects. Method: Retrospective study of cross-sectional data on the long-term impact of CSA, collected as part of a larger two-stage case-control study of the possible relationship between CSA and alcohol abuse. Data were appropriately weighted to adjust for the different selection probabilities of cases and controls. Results: Significant associations were found between reporting CSA and experiencing domestic violence, rape, sexual problems, mental health problems, low self-esteem, and problems with intimate relationships even after taking into account a range of family background factors. Women who had experienced abuse involving intercourse were the most vulnerable to these negative outcomes. Conclusions: The findings indicate that the influence of CSA on adverse long-term effects is mediated and influenced both by the severity of the abuse experiences and by a range of family and social background factors

Author-supplied keywords

  • Alcohol Abuse
  • Alcoholism
  • Analysis
  • Australia
  • Child Abuse
  • Childhood
  • Communities
  • Family
  • Family Background
  • Family Violence
  • Female
  • Health
  • Human
  • Mental Health
  • Prognosis
  • Psychotherapy
  • Rape
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Self Esteem
  • Senf�lger
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Violence
  • abuse
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • article
  • association
  • case control study
  • community
  • disease association
  • domestic violence
  • experience
  • follow up
  • incidence
  • major clinical study
  • mental disease
  • multivariate analysis
  • probability
  • retrospective study
  • sample

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Authors

  • J Fleming

  • P E Mullen

  • B Sibthorpe

  • G Bammer

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