The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) transplantation for treating patients with chronic, complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Six patients with six chronic complete spinal cord injuries were recruited and treated with autologous OEC transplantation and followed for 24 months. The scores from before and after transplantation were analyzed. This was a self-control experiment. There was significant amelioration in the scores of the standard neurological classification of spinal cord injury made by the America Spinal Cord Injury Association (ASIA) and the International Association of Neurorestoratology-Spinal Cord Injury Functional Rating Scale (IANR-SCIFRS) following OEC transplantation with 24 months of follow-up. No clinical complications were observed. OEC transplantation would appear to be clinically safe and may promote the neurofunctional recovery of SCI based on data from six patients. This manuscript is published as part of the International Association of Neurorestoratology (IANR) supplement issue of Cell Transplantation. © 2013 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
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