Long-term positive associations between music lessons and IQ

  • Schellenberg E
  • 285

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 164

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

In Study 1 (N 147), duration of music lessons was correlated positively with IQ and with academic ability among 6- to 11-year-olds, even when potential confounding variables (i.e., family income, parents’ education, involvement in nonmusical activities) were held constant. In Study 2 (N 150), similar but weaker associations between playing music in childhood and intellectual functioning were evident among undergraduates. In both studies, there was no evidence that musical involvement had stronger associations with some aspects of cognitive ability (e.g., mathematical, spatial–temporal, verbal) than with others. These results indicate that formal exposure to music in childhood is associated positively with IQ and with academic performance and that such associations are small but general and long lasting.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cognitive development
  • Intellectual development
  • Intelligence
  • Musical training
  • Positive transfer

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • E. Glenn Schellenberg

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free