Magnetoencephalography Demonstrates Multiple Asynchronous Generators During Human Sleep Spindles

  • Dehghani N
  • Cash S
  • Rossetti A
 et al. 
  • 62

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 37

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Sleep spindles are ϳ1 s bursts of 10 –16 Hz activity that occur during stage 2 sleep. Spindles are highly synchronous across the cortex and thalamus in animals, and across the scalp in humans, implying correspondingly widespread and synchronized cortical generators. However, prior studies have noted occasional dissociations of the magnetoencephalogram (MEG) from the EEG during spindles, al-though detailed studies of this phenomenon have been lacking. We systematically compared high-density MEG and EEG recordings during naturally occurring spindles in healthy humans. As expected, EEG was highly coherent across the scalp, with consistent topography across spindles. In contrast, the simultaneously recorded MEG was not synchronous, but varied strongly in amplitude and phase across locations and spindles. Overall, average coherence between pairs of EEG sensors was ϳ0.7, whereas MEG coherence was ϳ0.3 during spindles. Whereas 2 principle components explained ϳ50% of EEG spindle variance, Ͼ15 were required for MEG. Each PCA component for MEG typically involved several widely distributed locations, which were relatively coherent with each other. These results show that, in contrast to current models based on animal experiments, multiple asynchronous neural generators are active during normal human sleep spindles and are visible to MEG. It is possible that these multiple sources may overlap sufficiently in different EEG sensors to appear synchronous. Alternatively, EEG recordings may reflect dif-fusely distributed synchronous generators that are less visible to MEG. An intriguing possibility is that MEG preferentially records from the focal core thalamocortical system during spindles, and EEG from the distributed matrix system.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • N. Dehghani

  • S. S. Cash

  • A. O. Rossetti

  • C. C. Chen

  • E. Halgren

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free