Maintenance of health care teams: Internal and external dimensions

  • Baldwin D
  • Royer J
  • Edinberg M
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This reprinted article originally appeared in: Baldwin, D. C. Jr., and Rowley, B. D. (Eds.) (1978), Interdisciplinary Health Team Training. Historically, medical care has been a one-to-one transaction between the health care professional and the patient. The changing nature of medical problems--from acute, infectious diseases requiring short-term interventions to chronic, degenerative diseases requiring multiple contacts and long-term planning--requires the collaboration of an increasing array of specialized information, skills, and personnel. Effective team efforts already exist in a number of medical settings: in the hospital operating room, in rehabilitation centers and special clinics for children, and in some dental practices. The complex issues that health care teams face have contributed to the demise of a number of teams, and highlight the need for internal maintenance (team development and process), external maintenance (interfaces and boundaries), and the recognition of teams as change agents. It is suggested that health team training is an appropriate mechanism for coping with the increasingly complex problems of patient care within a rapidly changing society. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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  • DeWitt C. Baldwin

  • Jerry Royer

  • Mark Edinberg

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