Making things happen: Reciprocal relationships between work characteristics and personal initiative in a four-wave lonciitudinal structural equation model

  • Frese M
  • Garst H
  • Fay D
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Abstract

The authors used the frameworks of reciprocal determinism and occupational socialization to study the effects of work characteristics (consisting of control and complexity of work) on personal initiative (PI)-mediated by control orientation (a 2nd-order factor consisting of control aspiration, perceived opportunity for control, and self-efficacy) and the reciprocal effects of PI on changes in work characteristics. They applied structural equation modeling to a longitudinal study with 4 measurement waves (N = 268) in a transitional economy: East Germany. Results confirm the model plus 1 additional, nonhypothesized effect. Work characteristics had a synchronous effect on PI via control orientation (full mediation). There were also effects of control orientation and of PI on later changes in work characteristics: As predicted, PI functioned as partial mediator, changing work characteristics in the long term (reciprocal effect); unexpectedly, there was a 2nd reciprocal effect of an additional lagged partial mediation of control orientation on later work characteristics. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

Author-supplied keywords

  • Models
  • Occupational psychology
  • Organizational behavior
  • Orientations
  • Studies

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Authors

  • Michael Frese

  • Harry Garst

  • Doris Fay

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