Malformations of the craniofacial region: Evolutionary, embryonic, genetic, and clinical perspectives

  • Cohen M
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Abstract

Malformations of the craniofacial region are reviewed with respect to evolutionary, embryonic, genetic, and clinical perspectives under the following headings: How Old Is Our Head?, Head Organization Genes, Genetics of Craniofacial Anomalies, Craniofacial Derivatives, Anencephaly, Cephalocele, Holoprosencephaly, Craniosynostosis, Hypertelorism, Branchial Arch Anomalies, and Orofacial Clefting.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Anencephaly
  • Bilaterians
  • Cnidarians
  • Craniofacial derivatives
  • Craniofacial genetics
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Encephalocele
  • Head organization genes
  • Holoacrania
  • Holoprosencephaly
  • Meroacrania
  • Multisited neural tube closure
  • Neural crest
  • Neurulation
  • SHH

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Authors

  • M. Michael Cohen

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