Mammary or lacteal secretion of milk of domesticated and wild dairy species is the fundamental basis of dairy science. The milk from domestic dairy species provides the dairy industry with the resource for a multitude of dairy products, which supply essential foods and nutrition to humanity. Many factors are involved in milk secretion and production, and proper management and control systems on the dairy farm, of dairy animals and farm operating personnel are required for efficient and sanitary production of milk. The anatomical view of the mammary gland, mammogenesis, lactogenesis, galactopoiesis and involution of the mammary gland are discussed in detail. Milk ejection and maintaining milk secretion by hormonal control, and comparative composition of blood and milk nutrients in terms of secretion of milk constituents, are also discussed.
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