Marijuana and tobacco: a major connection?

  • Tullis L
  • Dupont R
  • Frost-Pineda K
 et al. 
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Smoking among teens and college students is a significant public health challenge. Tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol continue to be the most commonly abused drugs by teens and young adults. Educational efforts have resulted in increased awareness of the mortality and morbidity attributed to smoking, second-hand smoke, and prenatal exposure to tobacco. Short- and long-term consequences of marijuana use are well documented in the literature, but they have received less wide spread attention. Even less well known is the relationship between these substances. Does use of one lead to use of the other? Are there synergistic and/or antagonistic effects when these substances are used together? We need answers to these questions to understand the prevalence of use and the impact of these drugs on our nations youth and young adults. The gateway theory of drug use is often used to describe the progression from using alcohol or tobacco, to marijuana, and later use of other drugs like MDMA, cocaine, and heroin. While tobacco use does commonly precede marijuana use, we propose that marijuana may be a "gateway drug" to tobacco smoking. Our research with university students is suggesting that cigarette-smoking initiation often follows or coincides with marijuana

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Attention
  • Awareness
  • Cocaine
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Florida
  • Health Surveys
  • Heroin
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Literature
  • Male
  • Marijuana Abuse
  • Morbidity
  • Prevalence
  • Public Health
  • Research
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Street Drugs
  • Students
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Tobacco
  • United States
  • Universities
  • epidemiology
  • mortality
  • prevention & control
  • statistics & numerical data

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  • PMID: 14621344


  • L M Tullis

  • R Dupont

  • K Frost-Pineda

  • M S Gold

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