Markers of cell proliferation and expression of melanosomal antigen in lymphangioleiomyomatosis

  • Matsumoto Y
  • Horiba K
  • Usuki J
 et al. 
  • 19

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 97

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a disease of young women, is characterized by proliferation of immature-appearing smooth-muscle cells (LAM cells) in the lungs and abdomen. LAM cells react with monoclonal antibody HMB45, which recognizes a 100-kD glycoprotein (gp100) originally found in human melanoma cells. We investigated the expression and the subcellular localization of gp100 in lung tissue from patients with LAM and in human melanoma cell lines (Malme-3M, A2058, and CHL-1), and the relationship between this expression and cellular proliferation. Binding sites for HMB45 antibody in melanoma and LAM cells were located in cytoplasmic granules resembling immature melanosomes. LAM cells reactive for proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a marker of cellular proliferation, were spindle-shaped, in contrast to the large, epithelioid cells reacting with HMB45 antibody. In accord with this finding, we observed an inverse relationship between the immunostaining for HMB45 antibody and PCNA in LAM and melanoma cells. Thus, LAM and melanoma cells are heterogeneous with respect to their stages of proliferation and their expression of melanoma antigens. PCNA-positive cells, which are more likely to be negative for reactivity with HMB45 antibody, may be more relevant to the progression of LAM than are HMB45-positive cells, which are the hallmark of LAM.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Yutaka Matsumoto

  • Koji Horiba

  • Jiro Usuki

  • Shan C. Chu

  • Victor J. Ferrans

  • Joel Moss

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free