Skip to content
Journal article

Maslow reconsidered: A review of research on the need hierarchy theory

Wahba M, Bridwell L ...see all

Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, vol. 15, issue 2 (1976) pp. 212-240

  • 390

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 214

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
  • 15.6k

    Views

    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

The uncritical acceptance of Maslow's need hierarchy theory despite the lack of empirical evidence is discussed and the need for a review of recent empirical evidence is emphasized. A review of ten factor-analytic and three ranking studies testing Maslow's theory showed only partial support for the concept of need hierarchy. A large number of cross-sectional studies showed no clear evidence for Maslow's deprivation/domination proposition except with regard to self-actualization. Longitudinal studies testing Maslow's gratification/activation proposition showed no support, and the limited support received from cross-sectional studies is questionable due to numerous measurement problems. The difficulties with testing the theory are discussed and the conceptual, methodological, and measurement problems of the studies reviewed are detailed. The implications of the findings and future directions for research are outlined. © 1976.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

  • Mahmoud A. Wahba

  • Lawrence G. Bridwell

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below