Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: three validation studies.

  • Procidano M
  • Heller K
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Three studies are described in which measures of perceived social support from friends (PSS-Fr) and from family (PSS-Fa) were developed and validated. The PSS measures were internally consistent and appeared to measure valid constructs that were separate from each other and from network measures. PSS-Fr and PSS-Fa were both inversely related to symptoms of distress and psychopathology but the relationship was stronger for PSS-Fa. PSS-Fr was more closely related to social competence. PSS-Fa was unaffected by either positive or negative mood states (self-statements), but the reporting of PSS-Fr was lowered by negative mood states. High PSS-Fr subjects were significantly lower in trait anxiety and talked about themselves more to friends and sibs than low PSS-Fr subjects. Low PSS-Fa subjects showed marked verbal inhibition with sibs.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Affective Symptoms
  • Affective Symptoms: psychology
  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety: psychology
  • Emotions
  • Family
  • Humans
  • Self Disclosure
  • Social Environment
  • Social Support

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  • M E Procidano

  • K Heller

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