Measuring patient distress in primary care

  • Seelert K
  • Hill R
  • Rigdon M
 et al. 
  • 13

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 11

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the psychometric properties of a brief, easily administered mental health screening instrument, the Outcome Questionnaire Short Form (OQ-10), for use in primary care. The OQ-10 provides information to the primary care provider about patient distress and well-being and highlights areas that may require additional exploration and/or intervention. METHODS: The OQ-10 was administered to 292 outpatients in a family practice clinic, along with a standardized measure of functional status and mental health, the Duke Health Profile (DUKE). RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 37.09 years, and 83% were Caucasian. OQ-10 scores were correlated with all subscales of the DUKE. A principal components analysis of the OQ-10 items revealed two factors: psychological well-being and psychological distress. Well-being was positively related to self-reported health, while distress was not. A subsequent specificity and sensitivity analysis was performed on the OQ-10 total score, and this provided preliminary evidence that the OQ-10 may be useful in gauging the psychological state of patients in primary care. CONCLUSIONS: The OQ-10 can be used as a brief screening tool for patient psychological distress in primary care. The OQ-10 items reflect distress and well-being, which may be useful to physicians in treating the range of psychological problems seen in primary care settings.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Karen Rothballer Seelert

  • Robert D. Hill

  • Michael A. Rigdon

  • Elizabeth Schwenzfeier

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free