Forty-six patients with meconium ileus were treated from 1951 to 1969, of whom 23 (50%) patients died in the immediate postoperative period. Fourteen of the remaining are now alive and are 2 to 14 years of age. Long-term survival does not differ from other patients with cystic fibrosis. One-half of the patients survived to leave the hospital, one-half of the remainder succumbed to cystic fibrosis, leaving one-quarter of the total to live a reasonably normal life but under the constant regimen to which all children with cystic fibrosis must submit. The majority of these patients (24) were treated by enterotomy and hydrogen peroxide or acetylcystine irrigation. © 1971.
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