Memory dynamics in the honeybee

  • Menzel R
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Abstract

Reward learning in honeybees initiates a sequence of events which leads to long-lasting memory passing through multiple phases of transient memories. The study of memory dynamics is performed at the behavioral (both natural foraging behavior and appetitive conditioning), neural circuit and molecular levels. The results of these combined e_orts lead to a model which assumes �ve kinds of sequential memories, each characterized by a set of behavioral and mechanistic properties. It is argued that these properties, although
reflecting general characteristics of step-wise memory formation, are adapted to the species-speci�c adaptations in natural behavior, here to foraging at scattered and unreliable food sources.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Foraging
  • Learning
  • Memory phases
  • Neural circuits
  • Signal cascades

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Authors

  • R. Menzel

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