Mental health following traumatic injury: toward a health system model of early psychological intervention.

  • O'Donnell M
  • Bryant R
  • Creamer M
 et al. 
  • 3


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


In 2005, over 2 million people in the United States of America were hospitalised following non-fatal injuries. The frequency with which severe injury occurs renders it a leading cause of posttraumatic stress disorder and other trauma-related psychopathology. In order to develop a health system model of early psychological intervention for this population, we review the literature that pertains to mental health early intervention. The relevant domains include prevalence of psychopathology following traumatic injury, the course of symptoms, screening, and early intervention strategies. On the basis of available evidence, we propose a health system model of early psychological intervention following traumatic injury. The model involves screening for vulnerability within the hospital setting, follow-up screening for persistent symptoms at one month posttrauma, and early psychological intervention for those who are experiencing clinical impairment. Recommendations are made to facilitate tailoring early intervention psychological therapies to the special needs of the injury population.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Cognitive Therapy: methods
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Delivery of Health Care: methods
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Disease Susceptibility: diagnosis
  • Disease Susceptibility: psychology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Life Change Events
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Prevalence
  • Psychotherapy
  • Psychotherapy: methods
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: therapy
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Stress, Psychological: etiology
  • Stress, Psychological: psychology
  • Stress, Psychological: therapy
  • Survivors
  • Survivors: psychology
  • Survivors: statistics & numerical data
  • Trauma Severity Indices
  • United States
  • United States: epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries
  • Wounds and Injuries: complications
  • Wounds and Injuries: psychology

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Meaghan L. O'Donnell

  • Richard Bryant

  • Mark Creamer

  • Jess Carty

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free