Mental health of US Gulf War veterans 10 years after the war

  • Toomey R
  • Kang H
  • Karlinsky J
 et al. 
  • 1

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Background: Gulf War veterans reported multiple psychological symptoms immediately after the war; the temporal course of these symptoms remains unclear. Aims: To assess the prevalence of war-era onset mental disorders in US veterans deployed to the Gulf War and in non-deployed veterans 10 years after the war. Method: Mental disorders were diagnosed using structured clinical interviews. Standard questionnaires assessed symptoms and quality of life. Results: Gulf War-era onset mental disorders were more prevalent in deployed veterans (18.1%, n=1061) compared with non-deployed veterans (8.9%, n=1128). The prevalence of depression and anxiety declined 10 years later in both groups, but remained higher in the deployed group, who also reported more symptoms and a lower quality of life than the non-deployed group. Remission of depression may be related to the presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders and level of education. Remission of anxiety was related to treatment with medication. Conclusions: Gulf War deployment was associated with an increased prevalence of mental disorders, psychological symptoms and a lower quality of life beginning during the war and persisting at a lower rate 10 years later.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Authors

  • R. Toomey

  • H.K. Kang

  • J. Karlinsky

  • D.G. Baker

  • J.J. Vasterling

  • R. Alpern

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free