Mercury porosimetry: Contact angle hysteresis of materials with controlled pore structure

  • Salmas C
  • Androutsopoulos G
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Abstract

Mercury Porosimetry (MP) hysteresis is a commonly observed phenomenon in which mercury retention disguises further the over-all hysteresis picture. This article introduces a new interpretation of the MP hysteresis based on the combined effect of pore structure networking and mercury contact angle variation occurring between the mercury penetration and retraction operations. To distinguish the contribution of each factor the following investigations were carried out. Nitrogen sorption (NP) and MP experiments were performed on samples of an anodic aluminum membrane and the results were interpreted in terms of the Corrugated Pore Structure Model (CPSM), i.e., CPSM-Nitrogen and CPSM-Mercury models, respectively. The simulation of the observed hysteresis data using the CPSM model enabled the evaluation of an identical for the two methods intrinsic pore size distribution (PSD) and cumulative surface area in perfect agreement with the respective BET value. Additionally, the CPSM analysis of data resulted in the evaluation of mercury contact angles, i.e., θp= 143° and θr= 101.7° for the MP penetration and retraction branches of the hysteresis loop, respectively. Moreover, CPSM-Mercury simulations of literature MP hysteresis data, valid for controlled-pore glasses and nuclepore membranes, led to the evaluation of contact angles, i.e., glasses: θp= 143°, θr= 100.5-107.5° and nuclepore: θp= 143°, θr= 118-121°. The latter values are comparable with relevant literature data and approximate those determined for the anodic aluminum membrane. The CPSM model employed herein proved to be a flexible and reliable model for simulating the pertinent hysteresis loops by combining pore networking and contact angle hysteresis phenomena. © 2001 Academic Press.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Anodic aluminum
  • Contact angle
  • Hysteresis
  • Mercury porosimetry
  • Mitrogen sorption
  • Nuclepore
  • Pore structure
  • Porous glass

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