Methodological choices in work-life balance research 1987 to 2006: A critical review

  • Chang A
  • Mcdonald P
  • Burton P
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Abstract

This study reviewed methodological choices (sampling frames, constructs investigated and measures used) in 245 empirical work-life balance papers published in a range of discipline-based peer-reviewed journals between 1987 and 2006. Results show that work-life balance studies need to establish greater consistency between the conceptualization of constructs and the operationalization of measures. There is also scope for well-designed field experiments to establish clear causal relationships between variables. Sampling choice in previous literature is somewhat constrained and may be enhanced by targeting single and same-sex parent families, manual and lower-skilled service workers, and employees providing eldercare. Researchers should also be more transparent in providing rationales for their choices of organizations or group lists used to target respondents. The findings have significant implications for understanding, interpreting, and utilizing the contemporary work and family literature. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Author-supplied keywords

  • Methodology review
  • Work and family
  • Work and family balance
  • Work and family conflict
  • Work and family interference

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Authors

  • Artemis Chang

  • Paula Mcdonald

  • Pauline Burton

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