The US and Mexico during the 1990s embraced closer economic integration as well as increased cooperation on migration management. In 2001, that culminated with a joint Presidential initiative to establish a new migration management framework. That effort stalled in 2001, and the authors, members of the Cooperative Efforts to Manage Emigration (CEME) project, have explored ways to revive cooperative migration management by: - Promoting a secure and efficient border that facilitates the legal movement of people and goods, and deters unauthorized migration and smuggling, thereby helping both countries increase security and reduce crime and violence along the border, while still benefiting from the high volume of lawful crossings. - Enhancing Mexican governmental efforts to reduce the cost of remitting money to Mexico and increasing the economic development impacts of savings remitted by Mexicans in the US, as well as better targeting family planning and anti-poverty programmes in migrant areas of origin. - Experimenting with pilot guest worker programmes to allow currently employed unauthorized Mexican workers to obtain legal work permits, and to include economic instruments that encourage returns and spur development in these pilot programmes. - Revitalizing bilateral discussions of migration management, with the aim of achieving incremental reform in immigration policies. This report includes specific steps that could improve migration management, such as decreasing the number of unauthorized Mexicans by reducing the backlog of spouses and children waiting for family unification visas; expanding the number of fast track commuter entry lanes for pre-approved travellers and goods; and updating the 1997 Binational Study of Migration to re-establish a consensus on the demographic, economic, and other effects of Mexico-US migration.
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